Are you someone who feels uneasy in the veins of the legs but is confused about what can cause it?
Well then, you have approached on the right page; here, we will deal with the causes of varicose veins and their type.
When tiny valves in the veins become frail, these varicose veins can develop. The valves usually stop the blood from flowing backward through the veins. To know more about the varicose vein treatment, continue reading the article. Varicose veins are enlarged, twisted veins that typically appear on the legs and can cause discomfort and pain. There are several adequate ways to treat varicose veins, ranging from lifestyle changes to medical procedures.
What is a varicose vein?
A varicose vein is an inflated, twisted vein seen just under the skin’s surface. It usually appears in the legs but can also be found in other body parts. Varicose veins are forced by weakened valves in the veins that let blood flow in the wrong direction and pool in the vein. This can force the vein to become swollen and twisted. Varicose veins can be uncomfortable and cause aching, throbbing, and cramping in the affected area. Moreover, this can lead to skin discoloration and ulcers.
After knowing this, you might be wondering what doctor treats varicose veins?
Here is the answer: a phlebologist or a vascular surgeon specializing in treating veins and blood vessels can help treat the condition. Making certain lifestyle changes can help alleviate symptoms and slow down the progression of varicose veins. Regular exercise, such as walking or cycling, helps improve blood circulation and strengthens the leg muscles. Maintaining a healthy weight reduces pressure on the veins, while avoiding prolonged periods of sitting or standing can minimize strain on the legs.
What are the causes of the varicose vein?
It is widespread that we all, in some or the other way, suffer from any of the problems but still are unaware of what can be the causes of that disease. But, here we will be discussing the causes of varicose veins, which can be:
- Hormones change throughout pregnancy and menopause, for example.
- The aging procedure
- Tight-fitting clothes
- Standing for extended periods puts too much pressure on the vein and leg muscles.
What are the ways of treatment available in treating the varicose vein?
- Varicose veins are scarred and killed using laser energy. Ablation is the term for this.
- Straightly laser therapy is applied on tiny veins close to the skin, likewise spider veins. The laser is used externally on your skin.
- An intravenous laser fiber is used in endovenous laser therapy. The vein closes after laser ablation inside it.
Stripping and tying
Over the varicose vein, cuts (incisions) are made, and the vein is then tied up (ligated) and removed (stripped). Elevating the legs above the heart level while lying down or sitting helps reduce swelling and improves blood flow. Regularly moving the legs, especially during long periods of sitting or standing, prevents blood from pooling in the veins.
The varicose vein is removed through a series of tiny skin incisions. Another term for this is stab avulsion. In severe cases or when other treatments have not been effective, surgical procedures such as vein stripping or ligation may be considered. Vein stripping involves removing the affected vein through small incisions, while ligation involves tying off the vein to redirect blood flow.
This energy is utilized inside a vein to scar and seal it off. Large varicose veins in the leg may be sealed off with this technique. RFA is a similar procedure to EVLT but uses radiofrequency energy instead of laser heat. The vein is treated with a catheter that emits radiofrequency waves, heating and closing off the varicose vein.
In order to scar the interior lining of a varicose vein and cause it to shut, a chemical is injected into the vein. Small veins typically respond to this the best. This non-surgical procedure involves injecting a solution directly into the affected veins. The solution irritates the vein walls, causing them to collapse and stick together. Over time, the treated veins are reabsorbed by the body, reducing their visibility.
Summing it up:
We hope you liked the article and now have a proper understanding of vein treatment and What kind of doctor specializes in veins. In the end, it is essential to note that if this is not treated on time, this can stop blood from flowing backward through the veins and ultimately result in blood pooling or blood clotting in the veins when they are damaged. Make sure to observe changes in the body, such as when you have the varicose vein; this can be noticeable because of their dark blue or purple appearance; they also often bulge out from underneath the skin.