Nerve Pain – Causes And Treatment | safe4cure
Nerve pain is characterized by a sharp, piercing sensation that runs along a nerve. Although it can occur everywhere in the body, the most common is in the nerve pain lower leg.
Usually, a nerve injury, inflammation, or a problem with the nervous system is what causes it. Another name for nerve discomfort is neuralgia (pronounced noo-RAL-jah).
Chronic Pain of the Nerve is the phrase used to describe nerve pain that is ongoing and lasts for weeks, months, or even years. When it’s there, even a slight touch could be uncomfortable. This could interfere with a person’s routine activities, such as sleeping, and lead to sadness or anxiety.
What Causes Nerve Pain?
The brain is connected to nerves. They connect pain by sending signals. Stabbing pain and tingling are symptoms of damaged nerves.
Within seconds of receiving a knife cut to your finger, you will experience pain. That is the outcome of thousands of nerves communicating pain signals to the brain. Danger equates to pain. We quit whatever is causing discomfort when we feel it.
The nerve message system, however, malfunctions in those with nerve injury. In the absence of clear stimulation, the nerves produce erroneous signals that cause pain.
Damage and illness are the two main causes of nerve pain.
The pain in the nerves spreads after physical injury. Peripheral nerves can be permanently damaged by anything that compresses, cuts, pinches, or crushes them. Nerves in the periphery are delicate and prone to harm.
On-the-job back injuries that cause nerve damage can happen. The occupations with the greatest incidence of nerve injury are:
- warehouse personnel
- construction personnel
- Nursing home staff members and nurses
- surgeons and dentists
- Gardeners, farmers, and landscaping
- plumbers and carpenters
- assembly-line personnel
The majority of nerve injury occurs in athletes. Sports with high levels of contact, such as football, wrestling, hockey, and basketball, are the main causes of peripheral nerve damage.
Numerous chronic conditions and diseases can harm the nerves and cause pain in the nerves.
Nerve damage brought on by degenerative disc degeneration makes the lower back and neck uncomfortable. The shifting and pressing of an intervertebral disc on nerves cause widespread tingling or discomfort.
Nerves can be pressed against by cancerous tumours. The nerve signals pain in reaction to the pressure. Most cancer patients report feeling stabby, pinched, or scorching.
Diabetes-related nerve damage manifests as diabetic neuropathy. Extremely high blood sugar damages nerves, which causes erroneous messages to be sent to the brain. The majority of individuals report feeling numb and tingly in their nerve pain lower leg.
Postherpetic neuralgia happens if the shingles virus harms nerve fibres. Correct messages cannot be sent from the skin to the brain by the nerve fibres. Sensations of burning, stinging, and stabbing are brought on by the incorrect signals.
The immune system of the body is attacked by autoimmune diseases. Some illnesses cause pain by damaging nerves. The autoimmune diseases lupus, Sjogren’s syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, and vasculitis are most frequently associated with nerve pain.
Nerve Pain in the Leg
Mechanical or chemical irritants can cause the leg’s nerves to swell, compress, or degenerate. Associated disorders like diabetes or dietary deficits might also harm nerves. The specific leg symptoms may vary depending on the origin of the nerve injury.
Sharp, shooting, electric-like, or burning pain are common adjectives used to describe nerve pain. Additionally, it could give the leg and/or thigh the impression that hot or warm water is streaming down them. Some people may have a dull soreness. It’s possible for the discomfort to come on and off.
What Are the Symptoms of Nerve Pain?
Numerous symptoms might result from nerve injury. The cause of the nerve damage and which nerves are impacted determine the symptoms.
Sometimes, the injury to various types of nerves results in a variety of symptoms.
Symptoms of Peripheral Nerve Damage
Peripheral neuropathy causes:
- Having foot pain when walking or engaging in other everyday activities
- Lack of coordination and balance
- muscle tremor
- scorching or stabbing pains
- feeling like you should be wearing gloves or socks but aren’t
Additionally, peripheral neuropathy can increase skin sensitivity to touch. Though they often begin in the hands and feet, symptoms can also affect a person’s arms and legs.
How Is Nerve Pain Treated?
Treatment for nerve pain brought on by diseases like diabetes or cancer must be aimed at curing the underlying ailment. Nerve pain and discomfort can be reduced by treating the root cause.
But occasionally, treating a medical condition does not undo nerve damage. Patients in these circumstances need to have additional care just for their nerve discomfort.
The medical management of nerve pain includes the use of anticonvulsants, antidepressants, and opioids.
For improved outcomes, some medical professionals advise combining antidepressants and anticonvulsants. Although opioids are effective for treating severe nerve pain, doctors prefer to use over-the-counter painkillers and anti-inflammatories instead.
A comprehensive treatment for neuropathy is acupuncture.
In the entire body, needles are implanted at pressure points. The needles balance qi energy flows, which promote healing, in a conventional sense. Western science states that acupuncture stimulates nerves and muscles to lessen pain and inflammation.
Epidural steroid injections are used to alleviate chronic back pain brought on by damaged nerves. The spinal column receives a cortisol injection. Cortisone reduces inflammation and stops pain receptors from communicating with the brain.
Patients with spinal compression fractures may benefit from kyphoplasty. Widespread pain is brought on by spinal cord nerves that are pinched and damaged by compression fractures. Kyphoplasty reduces nerve discomfort, raises the height of the vertebrae, and stabilises the spine to prevent further harm.