Hypomanic episodes are periods of elevated mood and energy that are less severe than manic episodes but still cause significant impairment in daily functioning. People with bipolar disorder may experience hypomanic episodes as part of their mood cycles, usually alternating with depressive episodes.
Let us look at some of the major signs and symptoms of hypomaniac episodes, as well as some tips on how to cope with them. Some of the common signs of hypomanic episodes are:
- Increased energy and activity
- Decreased need for sleep
- Increased talkativeness and sociability
- Increased creativity and productivity
- Increased self-esteem and confidence
- Increased impulsivity and risk-taking
- Decreased attention span and focus
- Irritability and agitation
These signs may seem positive or desirable at first, but they can also lead to negative consequences, such as:
- Conflict with others
- Poor judgment and decision-making
- Overspending and debt
- Substance abuse
- Reckless behavior and accidents
- Legal problems
- Burnout and exhaustion
Hypomaniac episodes can also affect an individual’s relationships, work, school, and health. They can make the person feel disconnected from reality, alienated from their loved ones, and unable to fulfill their responsibilities. It can also increase one’s own risk of developing a full-blown manic episode or a severe depressive episode.
Coping strategies: hypomanic episodes
So how can one cope with hypomaniac episodes? Here are some strategies that can help the person suffering from hypomaniac episode:
- Recognize the signs and symptoms of hypomanic episodes. The sooner one can identify them, the better you can manage them.
- Seek professional help. A mental health professional can help you diagnose your condition, prescribe medication, and provide therapy. They can also monitor your mood and adjust your treatment plan as needed.
- Follow your treatment plan. Take your medication as prescribed, attend your therapy sessions, and follow any other recommendations from your doctor. Do not stop or change your medication without consulting your doctor first.
- Keep a mood diary. Track your mood, energy, sleep, activity, and any other relevant factors on a daily basis. This can help you notice any patterns or triggers of hypomanic episodes, as well as evaluate the effectiveness of your treatment.
- Practice healthy habits. Eat well, exercise regularly, get enough sleep, avoid alcohol and drugs, limit caffeine and sugar, and manage stress. These habits can help you stabilize your mood and improve your overall well-being.
- Seek support from others. Reach out to your family, friends, or other people who understand what you are going through. Join a support group or an online community for people with bipolar disorder. You are not alone in this journey.
Difficulties in Hypomanic Episodes: Bipolar Disorder
When an individual is diagnosed with bipolar disorder, one may experience episodes of hypomania, which are periods of elevated mood that last for at least four days. Hypomania can make the person feel more energetic, confident, creative, and productive than usual. You may also have a reduced need for sleep, a more optimistic outlook, and a higher libido. However, hypomania can also have negative consequences for your mental health, relationships, and work.
Some of the difficulties that you may face during a hypomanic episode include:
- Impulsivity: You may act on your urges without thinking about the consequences, such as spending too much money, engaging in risky behaviors, or making rash decisions.
- Irritability: You may get easily annoyed or frustrated by others, especially if they try to slow you down or disagree with you.
- Anxiety: You may feel restless, nervous, or paranoid, especially if you have too many ideas or tasks to handle.
- Distractibility: You may have trouble focusing on one thing at a time, and get easily sidetracked by new stimuli or interests.
- Grandiosity: You may have an inflated sense of self-importance, accomplishment, or ability, and disregard the opinions or feelings of others.
- Denial: You may not recognize that you are in a hypomanic state, and believe that you are just feeling good or normal.
These difficulties can affect your personal and professional life in various ways. For example, you may:
- Damage your relationships with your family, friends, or partner by being insensitive, argumentative, or unfaithful.
- Neglect your responsibilities at home, school, or work by being disorganized, forgetful, or unreliable.
- Jeopardize your health by neglecting your basic needs, such as eating, sleeping, or taking your medication.
- Trigger a depressive episode by crashing from the high of hypomania to the low of depression.
Therefore, it is important to recognize the signs of hypomania and seek help from your doctor or therapist if you notice them. They can help you manage your symptoms and prevent them from escalating into a full-blown manic episode. Some of the strategies that they may suggest include:
- Taking your medication as prescribed and avoiding substances that can worsen your mood swings, such as alcohol, caffeine, or drugs.
- Keeping a regular schedule of sleeping, eating, and exercising to maintain your physical and mental well-being.
- Monitoring your mood and behavior by keeping a journal or using an app to track your symptoms and triggers.
- Practicing relaxation techniques such as breathing exercises, meditation, or yoga to calm your mind and body.
- Seeking support from your loved ones or joining a support group to share your experiences and feelings with others who understand what you are going through.
Hypomania can be a challenging aspect of bipolar disorder, but it does not have to control your life. By being aware of the difficulties that it can cause and seeking help when needed, you can cope with it effectively and enjoy the positive aspects of it as well.