What is Male Pattern Baldness?
Male Pattern Baldness is medically termed “Androgenic Alopecia,” which is very common in adult men. In this hair loss starts from the hairline of the temple, leading to a receding hairline, and it gradually takes place on the crown section of the head and leaves a horseshoe-shaped pattern of hair. However, in some instances, young adult men can also develop the same.
The primary reason for extensive hair loss is specific changes in the normal hair growth cycle. In a normal hair growth cycle, our hair remains in the growth phase for three to six years. But, the hair of the affected area has a shorter growth phase, leaving thin and bald patches.
The surprising fact is that this type of Baldness starts before age 21, after puberty, and then develops gradually. A person with MPB can notice his hair is thinning progressively from the temple, and his hairline is slowly receding.
It also affects the crown section of the head, and patients may eventually develop a bald patch on the top of their head. In addition, patients with severe MPB develop a horseshoe pattern of hair growth around the back and both sides of their head.
Male Pattern Baldness is the common form of baldness in men. Severe MPB may also trigger emotional stress and a lack of self-esteem in young men. There are many reasons responsible for it. However, this hair loss pattern can be genetic.
It is very common in Asian and Caucasian men. It affects about 20% men of the total population. However, Chinese and Japanese men are less affected by this specific baldness type.
Other reasons apart from genetic conditions that may lead to Male Pattern Baldness include:
- Autoimmune Diseases
- Scalp Infections
- Hormonal Imbalance
- Wrong Hair Styling
- Radiation Therapy
Five True Facts of Male Pattern Baldness (MPB)
Can Be Developed At Any Age
Hair loss and MPB is prevalent among male. Men develop MPB in their 20s because of their unhealthy lifestyle, smoking, stress, poor diet, and underlying medical conditions. In 25% of cases, it starts before age 21, after puberty, and 75% of patients admitted having self-esteem issues.
Can Be Genetic
Experts say that there are a total of 200 genes responsible for hair growth. Therefore, a person can inherit the hair loss gene from either his parents or ancestors. Many researchers have reviewed that one in seven men has genetic variations that make them susceptible to baldness and hair fall.
GlaxoSmithKline has shared a most insightful report based on the Genome-wide Association Study. They have studied over 1125 males and concluded that specific genetic variations are responsible for pattern baldness. So now scientists are performing more genetic research to get accurate conclusions.
Can Also Affect Women
It is a common myth that men only develop Male Pattern Baldness. However, it also can affect women. 50% of Asian women develop Male Pattern Baldness. There are strong associations between Male Pattern Baldness and testosterone levels. Dihydrotestosterone (DHT) hormone is responsible for hair loss. Oversensitivity of hair follicles to DHT hormones leads to pattern baldness. Both men and women produce testosterone at different levels. Healthy women have less testosterone than healthy men, so women get less affected by MPB.
Not Noticeable At Its Early Stage
Patients with MPB lose 50% of their hair before noticing it. An easy way to deal with Male Pattern Baldness is to address the hair thinning and receding hair lining early. The common symptoms of Male Pattern Baldness are excessive hair loss after showering and combing, clumps of hair in a towel, change in usual hair lining, and reduced hair density. If you notice these symptoms, speak with hair experts to prevent balding.
Not Permanent; It is Curable
Yes, it is curable if it is addressed early. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved two medicated drugs to treat Male Pattern Baldness.
Minoxidil or Rogaine is an over-the-counter topical medication that should be applied to the scalp. However, patients must use it over the affected area for 3 to 6 months for the desired result.
Finasteride or Propecia is an oral medicine to treat Male Pattern Baldness. Finasteride acts as a dihydrotestosterone (DHT)blocker. This oral medicine blocks the formation of the DHT hormone and slows the progression of pattern baldness.
However, if the patient gets severe ( in the case of class V, VI, and VII pattern baldness), oral medicine or over-the-counter medicines may not work effectively. In these conditions, hair experts may suggest hair transplant surgery. Here the main objective of the hair transplant surgery would be to cover the bald area. In addition, the method is applied to redesign the hairline. In a hair transplant procedure, the surgeon extracts hair follicles from the patient’s body and transplants them to the affected region. A hair transplant is undoubtedly a complicated aesthetic procedure that needs to be done by competent and highly experienced surgeons. Thus, we recommend you choose the best place for hair transplants.